[Pool Update] Epoch 266 & 267

Hey people!

Combined Pool Update for 266 and 267 containing many tables this time πŸ˜€

Some Software Updates

Cardano-node version 1.27.0 was released recently: https://github.com/input-output-hk/cardano-node/releases/tag/1.27.0

Rest assured that we already updated all of our relays and producers without any downtime or issues. We are up to date and ready to produce.

Cardano360 May edition – monthly Cardano update!

It’s time again. Put it in your calendar and don’t miss it! New edition of monthly Cardano show: 27 May, 16:30 UTC on Youtube.

New IOHK Blog posts

I’ll leave you the links to the most recent IOHK blog posts which were released since the last pool update right here:

Strategic partners pave way for Plutus smart contracts

Announcing new stake pools chosen for our delegation strategy

IOHK also moved their delegations to support a new round of SPOs. Congratulations to the chosen ones πŸ™‚

Bringing ERC20 to Cardano

I know all of you love the ERC20 Converter, and it’s coming soon to a testnet near you! πŸ˜‰


Performance for 264

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5657.192.82 %53530030

Assigned slots for 264 were already a bit on the low side but in addition we got unlucky and lost three blocks due to slot battles. Overall not a good epoch with ~93% luck and a ROA of around 4.7%.


Performance for 265

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5359.0586.37 %51510020

Epoch 265 was even worse. Only 53 slots assigned and two slots lost due to slot battles. Well, this leaves us at ~86% luck and a ROA of around 4.3%.


Performance for 266

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
6559.13104.85 %62620030

Epoch 266 was quite good with 65 assigned slots. We produced all 65 slots but only 62 were adopted due to three lost blocks due to slot battles. Nevertheless, this epoch ends with ~105% luck and an estimated ROA of 5.3%.


Assigned Slots for 267

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
6458.49109.42%000000

In epoch 267 we are looking for 64 slots which is an assigned luck of ~109%. Let’s see how it will play out πŸ™‚

That’s all for now. Talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 264 & 265

Hey people!

Welcome to a combined pool update for epoch 264 and 265. It’s great to have you here. First of all congratulations to every Cardano Developer, Believer and Holder! We smashed through previous all time highs the last few days and we still have some great days ahead. I think many desperately waiting for smart contracts including myself and I’m very excited for all the releases and projects we will see this year.

P2P getting ready

Just a little reminder, that P2P is finally getting ready. In the above video, you can basically see how a new P2P node is discovering other nodes to connect to by using the existing Cardano network. That means the node will be able to build up its own topology thus connecting to the network without the need to know other peers upfront. It will be an essential part to keep the network well connected, decentralized and self-sustaining. Hope we will see it hitting mainnet soon. Remember that there was already an IOHK blog post about it: Boosting network decentralization with P2P


Performance for 263

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5857.5998.98%57570010

Epoch 263 was right on spot with around ~99% luck. We were assigned 58 blocks produced 58 but one was stolen due to a slot battle.


Assigned Slots for 264

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5657.198.07%000000

In epoch 264 we were assigned 56 leader slots. This means a slightly unlucky epoch with 98% luck and it is likely that we additionally lose blocks due to slot or height battles.


Assigned Slots for 265

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5359.0589.75%000000

In 265 we were assigned only 53 of 59 expected slots. This again means we will see an underperforming epoch and it’s again likely to lose blocks due to slot or height battles. So let’s hope for the best. Better epochs will come.

That’s all I have for you today. Talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 263

Hi people! πŸ™‚

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 263. So many things happened in the Cardano Africa Special that I just need to talk about it again and provide you with the information you need. It was such a great show with great news and really fun to watch. Big times lie ahead, never forget: We are here to stay.

Cardano Africa Special

Mini Edition

If you haven’t had time to watch the full Cardano Africa Special, here’s a short and sweet summary of the most important topics.

Highlights

On the official Cardano Africa website you can find video snippets that will show you some of the highlights of the Cardano Africa Special Show. It’s definitely worth watching these if you haven’t already seen the full show.

The importance of Identity

And there is also another blog post from Charles Hoskinson about why identity is so important and how Cardano is working towards giving identity to those that don’t have one: Identity is the key to our vision for Africa

New collection of information

Information is often distributed at several different locations and is not always easy to find. Therefore a new resource for collecting information was created. What you can find there, how to contribute and more information on that can be found in the blog post about this topic: The essential Cardano list – a new resource for the community


Performance for 262

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
6057.29104.73%60600000

Epoch 262 was a good one for us. We were assigned 60 blocks, produced 60 blocks and all 60 blocks made it to the chain. We did not lose any blocks due to slot or height battles which is very fortunate for us. This leaves us at around 105% luck and should end up in around 5.5% ROA.


Assigned Slots for 263

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5857.59100.71%000000

In epoch 263 we were assigned 58 slots. That corresponds to about the expected amount, which can be seen when looking the 100.71% luck. Let’s see how that epoch plays out.

That’s all I have for you today! Talk to you soon πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 262

Hi people! πŸ™‚

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 262. Some birds have finally landed and I think it’s a really big deal. So let’s start.

Cardano Africa Special

Already talked about the Cardano Africa Special Show last time. But I can’t stress this enough: Register immediately and be there on 29 April 2021, 16:30 UTC! Less than 24 hours, till the show. See you there!

Blockchain finally comes of age with the world’s biggest blockchain deployment

Already before the Africa Special the following partnership was announced: IOHK cooperates with the Ethiopian Government to implement a national, blockchain-based student and teacher ID and attainment recording system to digitally verify grades, remotely monitor school performance, and boost education and employment nationwide. This will onboard around 5 million students and teachers into the Cardano Ecosystem using Atala PRISM. This is honestly just awesome. I really hope that this project will be successful and can establish itself in other countries. I would love to see such a system being used in my country. For more you should read through the whole IOHK blog post here: Blockchain finally comes of age with the world’s biggest blockchain deployment


Performance for 261

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
7258.63114.28%67670050

Epoch 261 looked very promising with 72 assigned slots. We produced all 72 blocks but only 67 were adopted as 5 blocks were stolen due to slot battles, which is quite high amount. Nothing we can do about it but nevertheless, we have a luck of around 114.28% which will end up in a nice estimated ROA of ~5.9%.


Assigned Slots for 262

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
6057.29104.73%000000

In Epoch 262 we were assigned 60 leader slots, which means around 104.73% luck. As we saw during the last epochs it is expected that we lose some blocks due to slot or height battles. But let’s see how it turns out. The pool is ready to produce those blocks and I hope we will stay at or over the 100% luck at the end of this epoch.

That’s all I have for you today! Talk to you soon πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 261

Hey people! πŸ™‚

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 261. Let’s dive rigth in.

Cardano Node update

After 1.26.1 was released two weeks ago, the cardano network was going through a very rough epoch transition from epoch 259 to epoch 260 which caused the network to halt for nearly 30 minutes. It was investigated by IOHK and they identified that the issue was a wrongly timed calculation of the stake distribution. They fixed the issue, tested the code within a few days and released the cardano-node version 1.26.2 to prevent this from happening again. All SPOs were encouraged to update as soon as possible, preferably before the next epoch transition and so we did. All FAIR nodes were updated before epoch 261 and we did not encounter any issues during the transition. Thanks to development team for the quick response and the fast provision of a new version.

Cardano Africa Special

For quite some time now we have been hearing birds singing and now the time has come. The Cardano Africa Special Show has been announced. Register immediately to not miss any news and be there on 29 April 2021, 16:30 UTC! I am very excited. See you there! πŸ˜‰


Performance for 259

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
5758.1797.99%55550110

In epoch 259 we were assigned 57 blocks of which we produced all 57 but only 55 were adopted due to 1 ghosted and 1 stolen block. Please refer to the older pool updates if you do not know what ghosted and stolen means. I’m currently working on an overview / faq page which I can refer you to in the future. The ROS for this epoch was 4.865%.


Performance for 260

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
6658.39113.03%65650010

The performance for epoch 260 was quite good with 66 leader slots and 65 adopted blocks. We lost only 1 block due to a slot battle which is good for this amount of blocks. The estimated ROS for this epoch is ~5.8%.


Assigned Slots for 261

LeaderIdealLuckAdoptedConfirmedMissedGhostedStolenInvalid
7258.63122.8%000000

Epoch 261 looks also very good for us with 72 assigned slots and a maximum performance of 122.8%. As in the last epochs we need to calculate with a few lost blocks due to slot or height battles. Nevertheless, we will see an overperformance and good rewards for this epoch.

Thats it for today! Talk to you soon πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 259 & 260

Hey people!

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 259 and 260.

First of all, a big thank you to all the delegators and readers of the Pool Updates. From the statistics, I see that month after month more people read these posts and I am very happy about that. If you ever have any questions about one of my posts or any other questions about Cardano or the stakepool, just contact me. All contact details are linked in the footer of the website.

Upgrading Pool Infrastructure and Software

Over the past few days I did some upgrades to the server infrastructure as well as its software. The following has been done:

  • Two relays were migrated to new more powerful servers to ensure their reliability even during network peaks and in sight of the upcoming more demanding smart contract features.
  • The old backup producer retired and a new producer is in place with a new system for high availability using floating IPs.
  • The Monitoring system was updated to reflect the changes made to the servers and the architecture
  • Relays are now reachable within the Cardano network via their hostnames. This makes them more readable, easier recognizable and therefore aids future maintenance and upgrades
  • Nodes were also updated to the latest Cardano-node version 1.26.1 which includes many fixes and improvements. Most importantly the 48h calculations are now distributed to a bigger time frame which means, that the network is no longer at a halt at the 48h mark and we won’t lose assigned blocks in this time frame anymore. Full details about the 1.26.1 can be found on GitHub: https://github.com/input-output-hk/cardano-node/releases/tag/1.26.1

Note: Block production was of course not affected by the maintenance work.

Latest IOHK Blog Posts

Plutus: what you need to know

Many participants in the Cardano network are already preparing for the release of Alonzo and thus the release of smart contracts. Currently, for example, the Plutus Pioneer Program is in progress, in which developers can gain their first experience with Plutus. Learn more about Plutus in this recent blog post: Plutus: what you need to know

Smart contracts – here we come

This blog post is a really precious one. It gives a lot of information about Plutus, smart contracts and how all of this will come together. It also includes a roadmap and many links to other related topics. Highly recommended to give it a read: Smart contracts – here we come

Thoughts about the Roadmap

And since we have already briefly touched on the roadmap, here is a video by Charles Hoskinson in which he shares some thoughts about the roadmap and the coming months and years.

Performance for 258

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 65     | 56.66 | 114.72% | 62      | 62        | 0      | 0       | 3      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

In 258 we had 65 assigned slots and produced all 65 blocks. Three blocks were stolen due to (not influenceable) slot battles which leaves us with 62 adopted blocks and a performance of ~111%.

Assigned Slots for 259

|=====================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck   | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|=====================================================================================|
| 57     | 58.17 | 97.99% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|=====================================================================================

In 259 we are looking for 57 assigned slots, which leaves us at ~98% luck for this epoch. The statistics tell us that we will most likely lose some blocks due to slot & height battles which can’t be influenced by us. In the end 259 will be an underperforming epoch for us. Luck is always slightly fluctuating and we had some good epochs recently (with 102%, 107%, 116% and 111% luck) which level out the unluckier ones.

Assigned Slots for 260

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 66     | 58.39 | 113.03% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|======================================================================================

In Epoch 260 we were assigned 66 slots which means a maximum performance of around 113%. We are likely to lose some blocks due to slot and height battles but nevertheless, this will be again a good epoch for us.

That’s all I have for you today. Talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 258

Hey people!

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 258. Let’s dive right in.

Boosting network decentralization with P2P

Until now, Cardano nodes use so-called topology files to connect to other nodes. These can either be created manually, which is time-consuming, cumbersome and maintenance-intensive, or by community tools such as the topologyUpdater, which ensures an automated and best possible topology but is a centralized solution. All current possibilities are only temporary solutions and will be replaced by a p2p governor in the foreseeable future. Cardano nodes will then be able to interconnect themselves via their own protocol. If you would like to know more about this, you can read more about this topic in this IOHK blog post: Boosting network decentralization with P2P

Performance for 257

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 67     | 56.89 | 117.77% | 65      | 65        | 0      | 0       | 2      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

Epoch 257 looked very good for us. We were assigned 67 blocks of which we produced 67 but only 65 were adopted as two blocks were stolen in slot battles. We still finished this epoch with ~115% luck, which will give us a good return for that epoch.

Assigned Slots for 258

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 65     | 56.66 | 114.72% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

Epoch 258 looks also good for us with 65 assigned slots which means around 115% luck. As the last epochs taught us, we will most likely lose a few blocks due to slot or height battles that we can not influence. Nevertheless, good prospects for us.

That’s all I have for you this time. Talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 257

Hello d=0, welcome decentralization! πŸ™‚

Epoch 257 marks a major milestone in the history of Cardano. This is the first epoch where 100% of all blocks are produced by community pools and I dare to say that we are now the most decentralized blockchain in the world. Thanks to pool.pm we also have this amazing image of all 2391 active pools and 677 retired ones that gone through this journey with us:

Cardano360 March Mini

If you haven’t had the time to watch the full Cardano360 show from March, there is good news: from now on there will be a summary for the Cardano360 shows called Cardano360 Mini. It summarizes the most important points from over 3 hours of Cardano360 into very condensed 7 minutes of pure information. Truly everyone has the time to watch it πŸ™‚

New IOHK Blog Posts

Cardano’s secure switch to decentralization

Randomness is something many people do not really care about but it is an essential part of many cryptographic techniques which you are using everyday. Randomness will also play a key role in the upcoming epoch, why this is the case, how it works and what you can do to help creating additional randomness is covered here in this blog post: Cardano’s secure switch to decentralization

I will also do my part for randomness and submit some unpredictable transactions.

Decentralization: to D=0 Day and beyond

March 31st will be forever known as Cardanos D-Day, the day where the d parameter was set to 0 therefore handing over the block production over to community pools and waving goodbye to the federated block producers. Why it’s significant and what’s next can be found in this article: Decentralization: to D=0 Day and beyond

If you prefer listening, this article is also available on Soundcloud:

Everything you need to know about our new Plutus Pioneer Program

If you are one of those people who are desperate to get into Plutus, the smart contract platform of the Cardano blockchain, then there is good news for you: Learn Plutus and become a certified Plutus Pioneer with the new series of interactive training courses – starting next week

Performance for 256

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 62     | 56.05 | 110.62% | 60      | 60        | 0      | 1       | 1      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

So lets take a brief look at epoch 256: We were assigned 62 slots and produced all of them, however we encountered one ghosted and one stolen block. The stolen block was due to slot battle and the ghosted block was due to a so called height battle. A height battle mostly happens when there there are two blocks that are for slots very close together and therefore the time to distribute the block is very short. When Pool A produces a block and Pool B produces the next block, but has not yet received the previous block of Pool A, the block of Pool A will be orphaned and not included in the chain.

But the big question is, why did the block of Pool A did not make it to Pool B in time. Well, this can have two reasons. Either Pool A is badly connected to other nodes in the network and thus has a high propagation delay of its produced blocks or Pool B is badly connected to other nodes in the network and thus has a high delay when receiving other blocks.

As we do report additional details to pooltool.io we can check our propagation delays, and they currently look like this:

So you can see, that we are on average well below 0.5s propagation time for producing and receiving blocks which is very good. So it was because the other pool is very poorly connected to the network and thus did not receive my block in the appropriate time. Just to note, the blocks were 3 seconds apart, that’s more than enough time if you are operating your pool in the correct way.

Overall the epoch ended good for us with ~107% luck.

Assigned Slots for 257

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 67     | 56.89 | 117.77% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

In Epoch 257 we were assigned 67 leader slots which is a luck of ~118%. As we have seen during the last epochs we will most likely lose a few blocks to slot battles, height battles or other issues we can not influence. It will still be a quite good epoch for us.

That’s it for today, talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 256

Hey people,

Today short and sweet and only the most important information: Welcome to pool update epoch 256

Cardano360 – March 2021

I know I know, I already talked about this in the last two updates… But seriously, if you missed it: Take some time, sit back, relax and watch the Cardano360 – March 2021 Edition:

Performance for 255

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 55     | 52.91 | 103.95% | 53      | 53        | 0      | 1       | 1      | 0       |
|======================================================================================

In 255 we were looking for 55 assigned slots and we produced all the 55 blocks but only 53 blocks were finally adopted, which leaves us a bit over 100% luck. One block was stolen by another pool due to a slot battle and the ghosted block was again due to bad propagation times of another Pool. I already explained, why this happens in the pool update for epoch 254, if you are interested you can read about it here: [Pool Update] Epoch 254

Assigned Slots for 256

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 62     | 56.05 | 110.62% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

For epoch 256 we were assigned 62 slots, which would be a luck of ~110%. But as the last epochs showed we will most likely lose some blocks due to slot battles or other problems we can not influence at all.

Big thank you to everyone reading this, as well as to my loyal delegators! Contact me if you have any questions (the fastest way would be via telegram; all links down in the footer).

That’s all for today, talk to you soon! πŸ™‚

[Pool Update] Epoch 255

Hey people,

Welcome to the pool update for epoch 255. Not too much to report this epoch but let’s just start.

Coinbase

We already talked about the Coinbase Pro listing last Epoch Update. A little later, as we already suspected, Cardano was also listed on the standard Coinbase platform:

Upcoming Crowdcasts

I know I already told you this last epoch, but those crowdcasts are great every time and I don’t get tired recommending them to you πŸ˜‰

Cardano, The Research-First Blockchain

Cardano360 March edition – monthly Cardano update!

Performance for 254

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 45     | 44.14 | 101.95% | 41      | 41        | 0      | 1       | 3      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

I was not really satisfied with this epoch. We produced 45 blocks out of 45 assigned, but only 41 of them made it to the chain, which in the end equals to 93% luck. Let’s briefly talk about why those blocks did not make it to the chain:

The three stolen blocks all happened due to slot battles with other pools which can happen if two pools are assigned to produce a block for the same slot. Those slot battles are decided by chance and there is no way to influence this.

More interesting is the ghosted block. I basically already mentioned it in the last pool update and told you that this will happen: That slot was within the impact time of the 48h bug (2021-03-18 21:45:52 UTC), which means that our produced block can not make it to the chain as the whole network is basically on a halt and again there is nothing we can do about it. This bug will hopefully be fixed in one of the next releases of the Cardano-node. For the technically interested people see this issue about the 48h bug: https://github.com/input-output-hk/cardano-node/issues/2205

Assigned Slots for 255

|======================================================================================|
| Leader | Ideal | Luck    | Adopted | Confirmed | Missed | Ghosted | Stolen | Invalid |
|======================================================================================|
| 55     | 52.91 | 103.95% | 0       | 0         | 0      | 0       | 0      | 0       |
|======================================================================================|

For epoch 255 we were assigned 55 slots which means about 104% luck. We won’t lose a block due to the 48h bug which is good for us. Let’s hope we won’t get into any slot battles πŸ™‚

If you have any questions never hesitate to contact me. That’s all for today, talk to you soon πŸ™‚